On Monday, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a law that permitted Americans born in Jerusalem to list "Israel" as their birthplace on their passports. The case was brought on behalf of Menachem Zivofotsky, a 12-year-old boy born to U.S. citizens living in Jerusalem (specifically, western Jerusalem), who requested that his U.S. passport list his place of birth as "Israel" pursuant to section 214(d) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003.
In a 6-3 ruling, the Court held that only the president has the authority to recognize foreign nations, and Congress unconstitutionally impinged on this executive power in passing the law at issue. According to the Court, the law would have forced the State Department to change its policy not to recognize Israeli or Palestinian sovereignty over Jerusalem until its status is resolved through negotiations.
Last Updated ( Wednesday, June 10, 2015 )